DIOGENES OF SINOPE THE MAN IN THE TUB PDF

Most texts on Diogenes use the term "tub". I have not seen any evidence to suggest the tub was in fact a burial urn but either way the more prevalent and popular term should be used to avoid confusion. Very good move! Of course, Socrates never wrote anything down, and it was Plato who quoted Socrates as saying such. Is this the Diogenes who used to masturbate in the marketplace?

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He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, but he himself acknowledges an indebtedness to Antisthenes , by whose numerous writings he was probably influenced. It was by personal example rather than any coherent system of thought that Diogenes conveyed the Cynic philosophy. His followers positioned themselves as watchdogs of morality. Diogenes is the subject of numerous apocryphal stories, one of which depicts his behaviour upon being sold into slavery.

Tradition ascribes to him the famous search for an honest man conducted in broad daylight with a lighted lantern. Referred to by Aristotle as a familiar figure there, Diogenes began practicing extreme anti-conventionalism. The family was viewed as an unnatural institution to be replaced by a natural state in which men and women would be promiscuous and children would be the common concern of all.

Though Diogenes himself lived in poverty, slept in public buildings, and begged his food, he did not insist that all men should live in the same way but merely intended to show that happiness and independence were possible even under reduced circumstances.

The program for life advocated by Diogenes began with self-sufficiency, or the ability to possess within oneself all that one needs for happiness. Finally, moral excellence is to be obtained by methodical training, or asceticism. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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Diogenes of Sinope: The Man in the Tub (Contributions in Philosophy)

References and Further Reading 1. He was a citizen of Sinope who either fled or was exiled because of a problem involving the defacing of currency. Thanks to numismatic evidence, the adulteration of Sinopean coinage is one event about which there is certainty. For example, one story claims that Diogenes was urged by the oracle at Delphi to adulterate the political currency, but misunderstood and defaced the state currency Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Book 6, Chapter A second version tells of Diogenes traveling to Delphi and receiving this same oracle after he had already altered the currency, turning his crime into a calling. Once in Athens, Diogenes famously took a tub, or a pithos, for an abode. The lesson the mouse teaches is that he is capable of adapting himself to any circumstance.

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Diogenes of Sinope (c. 404—323 B.C.E.)

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