Pada kesempatan kali ini saya akan membahas mengenai penanganan penyakit eritroblastosis fetalis. Sebelumnya , pernah dengar tidak tentang penyakit ini? Istilah eritroblastosis mungkin cukup asing di telinga pembaca, tapi mari kita pahami satu per satu. Eritroblastosis berasal dari kata eritrosit yaitu sel darah merah dan juga fetalis atau fetal yaitu berarti janin atau bayi. Dari dua kata tersebut, kita bisa tahu bahwa eritroblastosis fetalis adalah penyakit kelainan sel darah merah pada janin. Pada janin atau bayi yang terkena penyakit ini, sel darah merahnya mengalami hemolisis atau pecah.
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However, these symptoms are generally much milder than a Rh incompatibility. ABO incompatibility can be detected via a blood test known as a Coombs test.
It can indicate why the baby may appear jaundiced or anemic. These tests are usually done for all babies whose mothers have type O blood. How is erythroblastosis fetalis treated? If a baby experiences erythroblastosis fetalis in the womb, they may be given intrauterine blood transfusions to reduce anemia. After a baby is born, further blood transfusions may be necessary. Giving the baby fluids intravenously can improve low blood pressure. The baby may also need temporary breathing support from a ventilator or mechanical breathing machine.
Babies born with erythroblastosis fetalis should be monitored for at least three to four months for signs of anemia. They may require additional blood transfusions. Can erythroblastosis fetalis be prevented? This is administered as a shot at around the 28th week of pregnancy. The shot is administered again at least 72 hours after birth if the baby is Rh positive.
Share on Pinterest The newborn may need urgent medical treatment. Treatment may include a fetal blood transfusion and delivery of the fetus between 32 and 37 weeks gestation. Treatment options for newborns with the condition include: blood transfusion managing breathing problems IV immunoglobulin IVIG The goal of IVIG antibody therapy is to reduce the breakdown of red blood cells and levels of circulating bilirubin. Sometimes, an exchange transfusion is necessary. This type of transfusion involves replacing small amounts of blood with different blood. The goal is to increase the presence and number of red blood cells and to lower bilirubin levels. Prevention Erythroblastosis fetalis is a preventable condition.
Can persist up to 12 weeks after birth. If a mother is exposed to a foreign antigen and produces IgG as opposed to IgM which does not cross the placenta , the IgG will target the antigen, if present in the fetus, and may affect it in utero and persist after delivery. The three most common models in which a woman becomes sensitized toward i. Fetal-maternal hemorrhage , which is the movement of fetal blood cells across the placenta, can occur during abortion , ectopic pregnancy , childbirth , ruptures in the placenta during pregnancy often caused by trauma , or medical procedures carried out during pregnancy that breach the uterine wall. In subsequent pregnancies, if there is a similar incompatibility in the fetus, these antibodies are then able to cross the placenta into the fetal bloodstream to attach to the red blood cells and cause their destruction hemolysis.
Eritroblastosis Fetalis, Penyebab, Dampak, dan Penanganan