Jacobus became a Dominican in After gaining a reputation throughout northern Italy as a preacher and theologian, he was provincial of Lombardy —78 and —86 and archbishop of the independent city of Genoa until his death. He was beatified in for his work as a peacemaker between Guelphs pro-papal party and Ghibellines pro-imperial , and his feast day in the Dominican order is July Immensely popular in the Middle Ages, it was translated into all western European languages and gradually much enlarged.
|Published (Last):||23 January 2018|
|PDF File Size:||11.50 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.71 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He entered the Dominican order in , and became the prior at Como , Bologna and Asti in succession. He was provincial of Lombardy from till , when he was removed at the meeting of the order in Paris.
He also represented his own province at the councils of Lucca and Ferrara Early in the same pope, himself a Franciscan , summoned Jacobus to Rome, intending to consecrate him archbishop of Genoa. Jacobus reached Rome on Palm Sunday 30 March , only to find his patron ill of a deadly sickness, from which he died on Good Friday 4 April. The cardinals, however, propter honorem Communis Januae "for the honor of the commune of Genoa" , determined to carry out this consecration on the Sunday after Easter.
He was a good bishop, and especially distinguished himself by his efforts to appease the civil discords of Genoa among Guelfs and Ghibellines.
Speaking of himself in his Chronicon januense, he says: "While he was in his order, and after he had been made archbishop, he wrote many works. For he compiled the legends of the saints Legenda sanctorum in one volume, adding many things from the Historia tripartita et scholastica, and from the chronicles of many writers.
Of these volumes, he adds, one is very diffuse, but the other short and concise. Then follow Sermones de omnibus evangeliis dominicalibus for every Sunday in the year; Sermones de omnibus evangeliis, i. Maria compositus, consisting of about discourses on the attributes, titles, etc.
In the same work the archbishop claims to have written his Chronicon januense in the second year of his episcopate , but it extends to or To this list his biographer Giovanni Monleone  adds several other works, such as a defence of the Dominicans, printed at Venice in , and a Summa virtutum et vitiorum Guillelmi Peraldi , a Dominican who died in Jacobus is also said by Sixtus of Siena Biblioth. Sacra, lib. The book itself, however, falls into five sections: — a from Advent to Christmas cc.
The penultimate chapter , "De Sancto Pelagio Papa," contains a universal history from the point of view of Lombardy , or Historia Lombardica History of Lombardy" , from the middle of the 6th century. A French version was made by Jean Belet de Vigny in the 14th century. A Latin edition is assigned to about ; and a dated one was published at Lyon in Many other Latin editions were printed before the end of the century. Several 15th-century editions of the Sermons are also known, and the Mariale was printed at Venice in and at Paris in The first four deal with the mythical history of Genoa from the time of its founder, Janus , called the first king of Italy, and its enlarger, a second Janus "citizen of Troy ", till its conversion to Christianity "about twenty-five years after the passion of Christ.
The second period includes the Genoese crusading exploits in the East, and extends to their victory over the Pisans c. The sixth part deals with the constitution of the city, the seventh and eighth with the duties of rulers and citizens , the ninth with those of domestic life. The tenth gives the ecclesiastical history of Genoa from the time of its first known bishop , Saint Valentine , "whom we believe to have lived about A.
The eleventh contains the lives of all the bishops in order, and includes the chief events during their episcopates; the twelfth deals in the same way with the archbishops, not forgetting the writer himself.
He describes the miracles of Mary and explains specific local customs and usages on Marian feast days. Since most of these usages do not exist anymore, Jacobus da Varagine serves as a valuable source for the study of medieval Marian customs.
Theologically Jacobus is one of the first of several Christian writers, who view Mary as mediatrix or mediator between God and humanity. In the mystical body of Christ, she is the neck through which all graces flow from Christ to his body. Cambridge University Press. New York: Robert Appleton Company, Ottilien, N. Christopher Stace
The golden legend : lives of the saints
Or Silvester is said of silvas and of trahens, that is to say he was drawing wild men and hard unto the faith. Or as it is said in glossario, Silvester is to say green, that is to wit, green in contemplation of heavenly things, and a toiler in labouring himself; he was umbrous or shadowous. That is to say he was cold and refrigate from all concupiscence of the flesh, full of boughs among the trees of heaven. The correct derivation is alluded to in the text, but set out in parallel to fanciful ones that lexicographers would consider quite wide of the mark.
Jacobus da Varagine
Tobit, 27 The Life of S. Judith, 36 The Life of S. Lucy, 59 The Life of S. Nicasius, 61 The Life of S. Thomas the Apostle, 62 The Life of S.