E ha cercato, anche per noi, una fede. A opporsi alle idee radicali di Tolstoj fu anche Dostoevskij , che aveva elogiato Anna Karenina ma non condivideva le concezioni non-violente del suo maggior rivale in ambito letterario; i due narratori si scambiarono pubbliche critiche e preferirono, per reciproca diffidenza, non incontrarsi mai di persona [20]. Nel Alessandro II viene assassinato e Tolstoj scrive al successore, Alessandro III , per esortarlo a essere clemente con gli attentatori del padre. A partire dalla sua cosiddetta conversione , Tolstoj lavora instancabilmente, sino alla morte, a numerose opere saggistiche e autobiografiche — oltre che narrative e drammaturgiche — di carattere morale e religioso. Queste esperienze tra i poveri saranno la base per il saggio Che fare?

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Count Lev Lvovich Tolstoy — , writer and sculptor Countess Maria Lvovna Tolstaya — , wife of Nikolai Leonidovich Obolensky Count Peter Lvovich Tolstoy — , died in infancy Count Nikolai Lvovich Tolstoy — , died in infancy Countess Varvara Lvovna Tolstaya — , died in infancy Count Andrei Lvovich Tolstoy — , served in the Russo-Japanese War Count Michael Lvovich Tolstoy — Count Alexei Lvovich Tolstoy — Countess Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya — Count Ivan Lvovich Tolstoy — The marriage was marked from the outset by sexual passion and emotional insensitivity when Tolstoy, on the eve of their marriage, gave her his diaries detailing his extensive sexual past and the fact that one of the serfs on his estate had borne him a son.

Sonya was copying and hand-writing his epic works time after time. Tolstoy would continue editing War and Peace and had to have clean final drafts to be delivered to the publisher. Wilson as one of the unhappiest in literary history. This saw him seeking to reject his inherited and earned wealth, including the renunciation of the copyrights on his earlier works. They retain their relevance as accounts of the universal story of growing up.

Tolstoy served as a second lieutenant in an artillery regiment during the Crimean War , recounted in his Sevastopol Sketches.

His experiences in battle helped stir his subsequent pacifism and gave him material for realistic depiction of the horrors of war in his later work. Anna Karenina tells parallel stories of an adulterous woman trapped by the conventions and falsities of society and of a philosophical landowner much like Tolstoy , who works alongside the peasants in the fields and seeks to reform their lives.

Tolstoy not only drew from his own life experiences but also created characters in his own image, such as Pierre Bezukhov and Prince Andrei in War and Peace, Levin in Anna Karenina and to some extent, Prince Nekhlyudov in Resurrection.

Its vast canvas includes characters, many historical with others fictional. The story moves from family life to the headquarters of Napoleon , from the court of Alexander I of Russia to the battlefields of Austerlitz and Borodino. Somewhat surprisingly, Tolstoy did not consider War and Peace to be a novel nor did he consider many of the great Russian fictions written at that time to be novels. This view becomes less surprising if one considers that Tolstoy was a novelist of the realist school who considered the novel to be a framework for the examination of social and political issues in nineteenth-century life.

Tolstoy thought that Anna Karenina was his first true novel. Tolstoy also explores and explains the economic philosophy of Georgism , of which he had become a very strong advocate towards the end of his life. Tolstoy also tried himself in poetry with several soldier songs written during his military service and fairy tales in verse such as Volga-bogatyr and Oaf stylized as national folk songs.

They were written between and for his Russian Book for Reading, a collection of short stories in four volumes total of stories in various genres published along with the New Azbuka textbook and addressed to schoolchildren.

Nevertheless, he was skeptical about poetry as a genre. As he famously said, "Writing poetry is like ploughing and dancing at the same time". According to Valentin Bulgakov , he criticised poets, including Alexander Pushkin , for their "false" epithets used "simply to make it rhyme". Gustave Flaubert , on reading a translation of War and Peace, exclaimed, "What an artist and what a psychologist!

What he does serves to justify all the hopes and aspirations invested in literature. Arthur Conan Doyle wrote "I am attracted by his earnestness and by his power of detail, but I am repelled by his looseness of construction and by his unreasonable and impracticable mysticism. Religious and political beliefs.


Leo Tolstoy



Lev Tolstoj



Lew Tołstoj


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